Hsiung Ping-chi (Xiong Bingqi) 熊炳琦

This article is excerpted from Biographies of Prominent Chinese, published in Shanghai in c.1925.

Hsiung Ping-chi

General Hsiung Ping-chi was born in Shantung. When young, he believed that the Manchu rule was turning China from bad to worse, and determined to enter the military circle, thinking that he would thus be in a better position to help improve conditions. He walked overland, from his home, to Paotingfu to attend the military school at that city. He immediately showed signs of ability; and after graduation was given the rank of Sergenat in the artillery detachment of the Third Division, serving also as instructor in the camp school. It was at the time when China had just began to train a modern army; and educated officers were urgently needed. His ability was rewarded by promotion to the rank of Lieutenant. He then had an opportunity to study in the Military Cadet School. Upon the completion of his studies, he was made a colonel, and served as Aide-de-Camp of the Military Training Institute. His superiors were pleased with his services, practically all of his suggestions on military matters being put into practie. As Aide-de-Camp, he lad out plans for many decisive contests. In recognition of his services, the Manchu Government continued his promotions until he was a commanding officer.

After the inauguration of the Republican form of government, General Hsiung served as Staff Officer to the Military Governor of Chihli; later, Chief of the Military Affairs Department, Military Secretary to the Tuchun of Kiangsu, Commander of the Thirty-second Brigade of the Sixteenth Division, High Councillor the Vice-President, and Commander of the Body Guards of the President’s Palace.

General Hsiung retired to private life when Preisent Reng Kuo-chang left office. In 1919, he was appointed Director fo the Natonal University for Military Training. Subsequently, he was given the rank of Lieutenant-General and awarded the Second Class Chiaho and Fifth Order of Merit. In November 1920, he left the University, and was appointed Chief Staff Officer to Marshal Tsao Kun, who was then Inspecting Commissioner of Chihli, Shantung, and Honan.

In Februray 1922, General Hsiung was awarded the Second Class Tashou Chiaho, and a few months later was made “Chang Wei” Chiang-chun, a member of the College of Marshals. In September of the same year, he was appointed Civil Governor of Shangtung Province. In October he was awarded the Second Class Paokuang Chiaho, and in November he was appointed to hold concurrently the post of Associate Director of the Shantung Rehabilitation Bureau and that of Director-General of the Administration of Kiaochow Port. He was commissioned to co-operate in taking over that port from the Japanese.

In 1923, General Hsiung was made Associate Director on the construction work of a huge dam at Kungchiakow Breach, the estuary of the Yellow River; an undertaking designed to prevent the serious annual floods which have caused great damage to crops in that district, and considerable loss of life.

General Hsiung is a clear-headed, clean-thinking man, having administrative ability and serving the nation carefully and thoughtfully. His ambition is to serve the people well.


Hsiung Ping-chi text


A.R. Burt, J.B. Powell and Carl Crow, editors, Biographies of Prominent Chinese (Shanghai: Biographical Publishing Company Inc., c.1925), 147.