Wang Chia-hsiang (Wang Jiaxiang) 王家襄

This article is excerpted from Biographies of Prominent Chinese, published in Shanghai in c.1925.

Wang Chia-hsiang

Mr. Wang Chia-hsiang was born at Shaoshing, Chekiang Province, in 1873. During the Ching Dynasty, he was made a Senior Licentiate. In 1901, he was appointed Expectant Sub-Prefect; and, in 1902, he was made Expectant Prefect. In 1904, he went to Japan to study police administration in the Police Department of Tokyo.

Mr. Wang returned to China in 1906, after completing his studies in Japan; and was appointed Councillor of the Police Department of Chekiang Province and Proctor of the Chekiang High Police School. He also taught for a time in the two law schools at Hangchow. He made another trip to Japan, and studied, during 1907-1908, at the Tokyo Police College; from which he was graduated.

Upon his return to China, Mr. Wang was appointed Director of the Police Administration of Chekiang Province. In 1909, he was elected a member of the Chekiang Provincial Advisory Council. In 1911, he was transferred to direct the Police Administration of Kirin Province. Upon the outbreak of the revolution, in 1911, he returned to Chekiang to become the Magistrate of Hangchow, the capital and principal city of the province.

Mr. Wang was elected a member of the provisional National Assembly, which had been convoked in January 1912. This assembly elected His Excellency Yuan Shih-kai as President to supersede Dr. Sun Yat-sen, and drafted the Provisional Constitution. Mr. Wang was again a Senator in the First Parliament, which was convoked in April 1913 at Peking to replace the Provisional National Assembly. He was then a leader of the Progressive Party. In his connection with the First Parliament, Mr. Wang was President of the Senate, a member of the Constitution Drafting Committee, Chairman of the Constitution Conference, and Chairman of the Presidential Electorate College which elected President Yuan Shih-kai in October 1913.

In 1914, when President Yuan Shih-kai dissolved the First Parliament, Mr. Wang was one of the President’s appointees to the advisory board, known as the Tsan Cheng Yuan, which was created to take the place of Parliament. The First Parliament was re-convoked in August 1916, after the death of President Yuan. Mr. Wang then again became President of the Senate.

After the second dissolution of the First Parliament in June 1917, Mr. Wang was appointed Director-General of the Fu Chung Corporation, a Sino-British mining concern. He attended the Paris Peace Conference as Chinese technical expert. When Parliament was again convoked in June 1922, after the Chihli-Fengtien war, Mr. Wang again became a Senator and was President of the Senate. This latter position he held until the end of 1923.

Mr. Wang was awarded the Fifth Order of Merit in January 1920; the First Class Tashou Paokuang Chiaho in October 1922; and the First Class Wenhu Decoration in February 1923.

Wang Chia-hsiang text


A.R. Burt, J.B. Powell and Carl Crow, editors, Biographies of Prominent Chinese (Shanghai: Biographical Publishing Company Inc., c.1925). 49.